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Wednesday, 23 March 2011

YouTube clip

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IIxBabhz_zw&feature=related This is a YouTube link of a video an OT student had made while on a placement. Thought it wasquitecool and shows how ideas can b expressed through video, images, words and audio...

Sunday, 20 March 2011

Tutorial two - Digital imaging

DSC00392 by lucyck
DSC00392 a photo by lucyck on Flickr.

Tutorial Two: Digital Imaging




List some of the ways that digital images are stored transferred and manipulated using information technology.

Hardware

  • USB – Universal serial bus
  • Power supply – responsible for supplying power to your computer
  • RAM – Random access memory- physical memory of a computer
  • Sound card – Computer expansion card that enables input and output of audio signals to/from a computer
  • Graphics card – generates and outputs the images to display
  • Compact disc- Storage device for digital data
  • Key board
  • Mouse
  • Printer
  • Microphone
  • hard drive

Software

  • Office suites – word processor, excel
  • Video games
  • Device drivers – to control printers, mouse, monitors ect.
  • Test ware – for testing hardware
  • Adobe Photoshop
  • Audio software – Audacity
  • Internet explorer

Examples of digital imaging to provide information and recording

  • http://www.carletonsportsmed.com/Digital_multimedia/digital_multimedia.htm This is a link to a web page provided for people to see or buy the technology needed to do arthroscopy this is an awesome link to see how digital imaging being utilised in medicine, and to see just how advanced digital imaging has become. These images will be useful to look back on in the future to see advances in medicine.

  • Taking a photo of a clients physical condition (ie. abnormalities of structure) to provide information regarding the condition and keeping a record of it so they can compare with future progress.

  • Youtube is used by people around the world with different medical conditions as a way of sharing information with others about their experiences with the conditions they have. Not only is the video created but if you scroll down under the video people leave comments about their experiences and knowledge around the same or similar conditions so they share information with one another through the video and discussion. Here are a few links that you can follow: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KzftMcvplTc&feature=related, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rbgUjmeC-4o


“A new technology is rarely superior to an old one in every feature”



Pluses
Minuses



Digital


·          Small in size
·          Cheaper than film
·          Perceived better/usefulness
·          Software to edit photos at home
·          Large storage and can delete photos (memory card)



·          Poor image quality compared to film
·          Consumers power faster than film
·          Data photos could last forever if not lost
·          Not convenient to share images unless printed




Film



·          Film displays a better image, is easier to project onto big screen
·          Considered more professional
·          Lower power cost
·          Prints should last decades if looked after
·          Easy to share images

·          Large in size which can be difficulty
·          More expensive



Given the prevalence of image capturing and distribution using IT, what ethical issues may arise with their use?

Privacy/copyright Facebook/newspaper/magazines/websites


Integrity of image Authenticity, film provides greater security over digital cameras. Digital film can be modified using software (fake passports) special software (San Disk) can be used to determine alteration to an original image


Briefly discuss some of the ways that digital images could, or are, being used in occupational therapy practice

Pamphlets given to clients with pictures of correct techniques or information about conditions which include photographs showing the correct techniques.

Digital images can be used as visual aids to remind clients what different objects are.

Digital images can be used with clients to aid with memory such as matching words to images.

http://www.glencare.com/activities/93 This site shows occupational therapists using photography as a leisure activity, a meaningful occupation in which they can further develop several other area’s for example sharing photos with others online working on social interaction, working on the computer can develop computing skills and discussing with the client different ideas can help with communication.






Tutorial One: Information Technology and Ethical Issues



Information technology (IT) and ethical Issues

This is my first posting relevant to the course and it is based around ‘information technology and ethical issues that arise with the use of IT.

So what is information technology?

Information technology or more commonly known as ‘IT’ "is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware.
Information technology. (n.d.).Retrieved February 26, 2011, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information technology

‘Information technology’ in my own words

 “Information technology is the study and use of computer and computer based systems which would include computer hardware and software”



How is this form of technology prevalent in our society?

Information technology is a huge part of our society and it is very important to run with it and stay as up to date as you can as it creates many new opportunities in life for example communication, leisure, relationship’s, work, news/updates and connectivity.

Skype is a must if you have family and friends abroad it makes communication that much more exciting not to mention its free ;-) I have added the link if you are not already using Skype give it a go.

I am sure you are all familiar with facebook and the connectivity it creates with friend’s family and even supermarkets, clothing stores, your favourite sports teams and thousands of other pages/links. Facebook offers instant chat to anywhere in the world, private messaging and photo sharing keeping us connected with friends and family all around the world. Or for mothers I am sure you probably use it to keep an eye on those under your own roof ;-)

Playstation, Nintendo, and xbox are all examples of computer systems that are used for leisure and in some cases are now being used for therapy see this youtube clip http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AjY8g98xVsg this also displays how multi functional technology can be.

How common place has it become?

To find out just how common place information technology has become can be rather subjective so I have decided to find some statistics around technology which show how many people are using technology to show how common technologies are:

Check out this link http://www.facebook.com/press/info.php?statistics what amazed me the most on this link was the amount of active users (500 million) showing that it is very much common place,  and even more the amount of time that is spent on the site a whopping 700 billion minutes per month. Crazy. These statistics are great and really does show just how much time we spend using this form of technology.

This link shows the amount of internet users worldwide which is another astounding figure http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm



What IT devices or systems do you feel comfortable and competent using?

Devices: Mobile phone, television, camera, ipod, dvd player, Playstation, desktop computer, laptop computer

Systems: MySky, internet, computer games, computer software, blue tooth,

Why I feel comfortable using IT
I feel comfortable using IT as most the IT I use has developed around the same time as I have in the way I grew up around technologies, For example: I started using computers with a trial and error approach when I was younger and computers were starting to become a household item and I now feel comfortable around different areas of technology, I can rule things out and usually figure out the technology using the knowledge I have gained previously.

What might limit or expand the use of IT?

  • Affordability of devices and systems will limit me in the way I may not have access to all the devices I would like to use and trial.
  • New Devices or systems coming out may be harder to use and you may need to be taught rather than my trial and error approach which could limit the use of the IT.
  • Doing a course on newly released IT’s could expand the use of new IT’s 

How is IT being used in Occupational Therapy practise?

Referring to my fieldwork experience in assessment and rehabilitation I can make a few links to the use of IT. Computers were being used to type discharge forms and referrals along with personal research. Cellphones were used by all of the OT’s on the ward so that they could communicate with each other if needed.

What Issues exist around OT’s adoption of IT systems and tools?

Validity of the IT systems and tools and whether it is appropriate to use the tools, ethical reasons such as client confidentiality and privacy.

What are some ways you can envisage IT use becoming a potential tool of practice?

IT can often make things easier whether it be time wise or physically so I can see the use of IT making jobs that are currently time consuming or difficult easier and more time efficient, this could be electronic assessments instead of writing on paper.

Why/Why not a great understanding and use of IT will help us in our practise and daily lives?

I personally feel that IT can help us in practise and daily lives and I feel this is already proven in the way in which we already use IT and the way in which technology is growing worldwide. Technology is often created to make tasks we already engage in easier so being able to use the technology would enable us to use these easier methods.


What ethical implications arise from the capturing, sharing and transferring of information via IT devices or system’s?

  • Loss of data and therefore privacy can be jeopardised.
  • Miss interpretation of data.
  • Need to get informed consent from individuals you are capturing, sharing or transferring information about.
  • It can be a problem as people can change or access the information.


Definition of ‘intellectual property’

“IP is a generic term for the range of property rights accorded for the protection of creations of the mind”

What is intellectual property. (n.d.).Retrieved March 12, 2011, from http://www.med.govt.nz/templates/Page____1218.aspx


‘Intellectual property’ in my own words

Intellectual property is protection of your intelligence, anything you create with your own mind is your very own intellectual property.

Examples of ‘intellectual practise and IT and OT practise

Inventions, literacy/artistic works, symbols, names, images ect.



Definition of ‘social justice’

“All social values – liberty and opportunity, income and wealth, and the bases of self-respect are to be distributed equally unless an unequal distribution of any, or all, of these values is to everyone’s advantage”

Rawls, J. (1973). A theory of justice. Oxford: Oxford university press.

‘Social justice’ in my own words

Social justice is the fair and equal distribution of opportunities, values,  assets and benefits among all members of a society



Definition of ‘Informed consent’

“Consent given by a patient after learning about and understanding fully the purpose and other aspects of a clinical trial or any other medical procedure.”

Us & too prostate cancer. (2005). Retrieved March 13, 2011, from http://www.ustoo.org/glossary.asp#I

‘Informed consent’ in my own words

Giving consent after being informed of all the information needed to understand what it is your are giving your consent towards.

Example of informed consent and IT in OT practise

Would be gaining consent from clients to take a photo or video of them if you wish to take the photo or video.





References

Information technology. (n.d.).Retrieved February 26, 2011, from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information technology

What is intellectual property. (n.d.).Retrieved March 12, 2011, from http://www.med.govt.nz/templates/Page____1218.aspx

Rawls, J. (1973). A theory of justice. Oxford: Oxford university press.

Us & too prostate cancer. (2005). Retrieved March 13, 2011, from http://www.ustoo.org/glossary.asp#I

Sunday, 6 March 2011

Dick & Rick Hoyt



Found this clip on youtube and is truly inspirational, I decided to add it to my blog as it shows how technology is used as a means of communication which enables him to express himself and achieve his dreams.

Tuesday, 1 March 2011

The purpose of this blog...

Sooo here it goes...


I am a 2nd year occupational therapy student and I am creating this blog for a paper I am doing called 'Participation in occupation 1' Part of our assessment for this paper is to create a blog which will show my thoughts, reflections and research in regards to technologies and will allow me to explore and share these with the world.


Participation in occupation 1 is focused on the participation of people in meaningful occupation, with a focus on technology and the occupations that use technology. Gaining understanding so that we can enhance therapy services for clients.
Hopefully this blog captures you in some way and that you find it educational, inspirational and enjoyable.


"Getting information off the internet is like taking a drink from a fire hydrant."
Mitchel Kapor